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Europe reached historic levels of peace in the conflict in the Middle East

GlobalEuropean countries, with Iceland at the head, have reached historic levels of peace with rising conflicts and terrorism in the Middle East and North Africa-the most dangerous regions of the planet, as revealed by the Global Peace Index (IGP) 2015.

According to the IGP, prepared by the Institute for Economics and Peace founded by Australian businessman and philanthropist Steve Killelea, the least peaceful country in the world is Syria, which ranks last of a total of 162 territories, which are home to 99.6% of the world population.

Earlier, they are Iraq (161), Afghanistan (160) and South Sudan (159), preceded by the Central African Republic (158), Somalia (157), Sudan (156), the Democratic Republic of Congo (155), Pakistan (154) and South Korea (153).
Topping the list, compiled from 23 indicators such as internal security, conflict and militarization share include after Iceland, Denmark (2), Austria (3), New Zealand (4), Switzerland (5) and Finland (6), followed by Canada (7), Japan (8), Australia (9) and the Czech Republic (10).

Spain ranks 21, behind Portugal (11), Ireland (12) and Germany (16), while Chile is the most peaceful country in Latin America, ranked 29th, followed below by Uruguay (44) and Argentina (60) which is ahead of Greece (61).

Libya, in place 149 after falling 13, is the country with lower steps this year, followed by Ukraine, while Guinea-Bissau up 24 spots to 120.
Killelea said in an interview with Efe:

IGP reflecting this year is that while the world in general has stabilized, the most peaceful countries are increasing while those affected by conflict are more uncertain, there is a great divide.

In his opinion, the key is that established democracies, such as European or Japan, “have more mechanisms to adapt to external shocks, be they economic or natural disasters.”

For example, Iceland, the most peaceful country, broke during the credit crisis of 2008 and Japan suffered a devastating tsunami in 2011, but both enjoy high levels of tranquility.

The factors that promote peace and empower States to deal with adverse circumstances are “a good business environment, low levels of corruption, good education, a free press, fair distribution of resources and tolerance toward others” requires the employer.

These factors, she says, have allowed Spain to “maintain stability despite the economic crisis” and Greece recover from the expressions of violence that arose during the crisis, although in the case of the Greek State the situation is “fragile” and depends on the outcome negotiations on debt repayment, explains the founder of the IGP.

According to their study, of 124 pages, the intensity of armed conflicts sharply increased last year, with over 180,000 deaths vs. 49,000 in 2010, and there was a 9% more deaths from terrorism, to 20,000.

Terrorism has expanded from the Middle East-from countries like Iraq and Syria to sub-Saharan Africa, with Nigeria (151), the country with the most victims in the world.

The slaughter of 2,000 civilians in Baga by the terrorist group Boko Haram in January 2015 was the deadliest attack since 2001 in the United States; However, the report notes, “was overshadowed by the deaths of 11 journalists from the magazine Charlie Hebdo” shortly thereafter.

According to the IPG, almost 1% of the world population (50 million) are now refugees, the largest number since 1945, many from Syria but also from Congo and Colombia, which ranks 146th year of the league of world peace.

The impact of violence in the global economy, which also includes the killings-of which there are many in Latin America- in 2014 was 14,300 billion or 13.4% of gross domestic product (GDP), notes study.

According Killelea, multilateral agencies should do more to promote peace, and a good start would “create the factors that make countries more resilient and better able to cope with the impacts.”

Source: La Vanguardia